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George Patrick Kinnaird (1st Lord) - 1622-1689

Succeeded his brother John in 1660
A staunch Royalist. In1661 he was made a Privy Councillor.
As Sir George Kinnaird of Rossie, he sat in Parliament as MP for Perthshire 1661-3
On 6th december 1678 he resigned the lands and baronies of Inchmichael and Inchture in favour of himself in liferent, and his son Patrick in fee.
It is said that he was generally at strife with his minister, kirk-session and presbytery, and he finally left the Scottish Church, and became actually hostile to the Presbyterians during the time of the Covenanters.
Knighted by Charles II at the Restoration. Became Lord Kinnaird of Inchture (Peerage of Scotland) 28th December 1682

It seems that his character was not all that could be desired. Described as a profligate and very vicious man, his advancement occasioned the remark of a contemporary: "None are willingly lords now since Kinnaird was made one".


Patrick Kinnaird (2nd Lord) - Abt. 1653-1701

No information


Patrick Kinnaird (3rd Lord) - Abt. 1683-1715

The third Lord Kinnaird married Elizabeth, a daughter of the Earl of Strathmore, as did a Duke of York (to be King George VI ) two hundred years later.
He opposed the union of Scotland and England
It was reported that he used to dine with Wellington and that both Lord & Lady Kinnaird were intimate with Napoleon's people.


Patrick Kinnaird (4th Lord) - 1707-1727

No information


Charles Kinnaird (5th Lord) - Abt, 1684-1758

After they had been married 18 years without children, Lady Kinnaird left Drimmie House, where she was living. Two days later, Lord Kinnaird, announced that she had given birth to twin sons, Patrick and Charles. The next heir to the title, Charles Kinnaird, then brought an action in the Commissary Court, asking that he should be allowed to prove that the pretended delivery by Lady Kinnaird was a forgery, and that the alleged children were not born of her body. Lord and Lady Kinnaird refused to answer the interrogatories directed to be put to them by the Commissaries, who, 1st July 1748, decerned Lord Kinnaird to make payment to Mr. Kinnaird for not appearing personally in court. The affair was terminated by Lord Kinnaird declaring that both the children were dead.


Charles Kinnaird (6th Lord) - 1719-1767

No information


George Kinnaird (7th Lord) - 1754-1805

Elected a Representative Peer for Scotland in March 1787 and sat in Parliament as such till 1790, but he was not again elected.
He was a great art collector and began the fine art collection at Rossie, largely purchased at the dispersal of the pictures belonging to the Regent Orleans, which the French revolutionaries sold of in 1792. Those art works he did not wish to keep, he sold them to the National Gallery.


Charles Kinnaird (8th Lord) - 1780-1826

MP for Leominster 1802-5.
In 1805 he was appointed one of the 24 Managers of the impeachment of Lord Melville, but, became a Scottish peer, vacated his seat in the House of Commons before the trial. He violently opposed the war with France, and seems to have been a wrong-headed busybody. In 1818 Sir Charles Bagot wrote: "I hear that old K. is hand and glove with all the Jacobins in all the worst holes and corners of the Continent". In the course of these activities, he had wind of a plot to assassinate the Duke of Wellinton. The great Duke pooh-pooh'd the idea. When the attempt was made, the French authorities arrested Lord Kinnaird for complicity. He was soon released. He would hardley have been party to such a plot, for the Duke was god-father to one of his sons, whom he had names 'Arthur Wellesley' in the Duke's honour. The Duke's High Tory politics so annoyed him that he changed that name to 'Arthur Fitzgerald'.

Elected a Representative Peer 1806

In 'The Farington Diary', 8th April 1807, his "avaricious disposition" is mentioned, and the following rhyme is quoted:
" Here's a Park without Deer,
A cellar without Beer,
A Kitchen without Cheer,
Lord Kinnaird lives here."

Several letters of his, on diverse subjects, were printed 1816-18. He built the existing house of Rossie Priory at Inchture, and filled it with choice 18th century pictures. The Inchture property came into the family with the marriage of Reynold Kinnaird to Marjory (daughter of John de Kirkcaldy) in 1396.


George William Fox Kinnaird (9th Lord) - 1807-1878

The ninth baron was then only nineteen and he held the title for 52 years. He too was a strong, even advanced Liberal but of a very practical sort. He built up a great reputation as an expert agriculturist, was prominent in the promotion of legislation for the protection of the workers in industry, although he failed to overcome the opposition of Glasgow industrialists to legislation to diminish air pollution in that 'dear, dirty' city. He was responsible for the Sunday Closing Act.

The estate which Lord Kinnaird inherited in 1826 was centred around the mansion house of Rossie Priory, which had been built by his father. Land and farms as far afield as Errol, Inchture, Abernyte and Longforgan made up the estate, which covered around 12,000 acres.

Became Grand Master of Free Masons of Scotland 1830-32.

Master of the Buckhounds 1839-41

Became Baron Rossie of Rossie (peerage of UK) 20th June 1831. He was made a Privy Councillor in 1840 and chosen a Knight of the Thistle in 1857. In 1860 the title "Baron Rossie of Rossie" was exchanged for that of Baron Kinnaird of Rossie, due to the failure of his male line. The Barony of Rossie became extinct on 7th Jan 1878 and the Lordship and Barony of Kinnaird devolved upon his brother - Arthur Wellesley FitzGerald i.e. 10th Baron Kinnaird and 2nd Baron Kinnaird of Rossie. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Perthshire from 1866 to his death.

He was greatly interested in the management and improvement of his estate. The farms were systematically improved with the erection of new buildings and steadings. He promoted the use of new fertilizers and carried out many experiments on the improvement of animal feed stuffs. His farm at Castlehill was the recipient of many new ideas including heated byres for cattle; he had a prize-winning heard of shorthorns. He was a practical man, promoting the use of reaping machines ("Lord Kinnaird's Prize Reaper" won a prize at the Highland Society Show of 1858), the first steam thrashing mill in the district was erected on his estate at Kingston and he was a strong advocate of steam cultivation in general.

He was best remembered locally for the education of the ploughmen in the Carse of Gowrie. His ploughmen's evening classes were held in the winter months and were open to workers in the vicinity of his estate. Teachers were employed from Dundee and Perth and arrangements made to provide suitable venues for the classes. The syllabus included reading, writing and arithmetic, as well as Bible classes.

Outside his estate he was interested in improving the lot of the working classes in a variety of ways. He was, for example, President of the Dundee Industrial Schools Society and was committed to the idea of reformatory schools. He set up a workman's allotment association in Dundee as well as being involved in the Dundee Workingman's Housing Association and the Dundee Working Men's Coffee Houses. He supported the Dundee Band of Hope, a temperance movement for children which encouraged them to take a life-long pledge. He was also Patron of the New Model Lodging House Association in Dundee.

Like his predecessors he was a lifelong adherent to the Liberal or Whig cause. He helped in many an election campaign and campaigned against the Corn Laws. On a parliamentary level he introduced many bills to the House of Lords. These bills reflected his concerns and covered such matters as reformatory schools, education, lunacy, the inspection of mines and the smoke nuisance. Perhaps the most important of his bills to receive the assent of parliament was known as the Forbes Mackenzie Act, 1853. A scheduling problem in the House of Lords necessitated the introduction of the bill into the House of Commons, but the credit must go to Lord Kinnaird for its drafting. The act related to licensing in Scotland and one of its major provisions was the outlaw of the sale of drink and the closure of public houses on Sundays. Also connected with his work in the House of Lords was his appointment as Chairman of the Royal Commission on Mines and his frequent urging for the reform of the Royal Mint.

The age in which he lived was one of railway enterprise and he played his part in this. As chairman and promoter of the Dundee and Perth Railway Company he arranged for a survey of a line from the harbour of Dundee to Perth in 1835. Attempts were made between 1835 and 1837 to get the scheme under way but they failed. It was not until 1845 that a bill was passed to construct the railway and it opened in 1847.

He did not interest himself solely in domestic affairs, supporting the cause for Polish independence from Russia. He eventually became president of the Literary Association of Friends of Poland, an organisation which helped support Polish émigrés no longer able to support themselves. He did much to keep the Polish cause in the public eye by making speeches in the House of Lords. He supported the movement for independence and unity in Italy and was a friend of Garibaldi and Mazzini.

He is described as having been "an energetic social reformer, interested in steam ploughs and railways, in popular education, and in Free Trade, being a close friend of Cobden and Bright". The Dict. Nat. Biog. says that he aided Polish refugees and befriended Mazzini and Garibaldi; and that he inherited his father's antiquities, which were placed in Rossie Priory. He figures in Herbert's painting of a meeting of the Anti-Corn Law League. His correspondence with the Earl of Shaftesbury on Scottish ecclesiastical affairs was published in 1876 & 1877.

He restored the reputation of the family after the mis-deeds of previous generations. 


Arthur Wellesley/Fitzgerald Kinnaird (10th Lord) - 1814-1847

He was baptised Arthur Wellesley, after his godfather, the Duke of Wellington, but his father, becoming dissatisfied with the Duke's action in politics, caused his son to take the name of Fitzgerald instead of Wellesley.
Lord Kinnaird of Inchture & Baron Kinnaird of Rossie
MP for Perth 1837-9 & 1852-78
An Evangelical Churchman
Also lived at: 1-4 Pall Mall East, SW1, London


Arthur Fitzgerald Kinnaird (11th Lord) - 1847-1923

Partner in Barclay Ransom and Co. (Bankers) London
A director of Barclays Bank
An Evangelical Churchman. Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland 1907-9
President of the YMCA in England (his mother was co-founder).
A Liberal till 1886 and then a Unionist.
Lived at 50 S Audley Street, St George Hanover Square, London, Middlesex

He was a good all-rounder athlete and distinguished at football (soccer). A principal of The Football Association.
As a player, Kinnaird had a remarkable record. Having played in the second FA Cup final in 1873, he took part in a further eight - an unmatched total of nine finals in all. He was on the winning side three times with Wanderers and twice with the Old Etonians, a record not bettered to this day, and celebrated his fifth Cup Final victory by standing on his head in front of the pavilion.
In the course of his career as a Cup Final player, Kinnaird played in every position, from goalkeeper to forward. It was while playing in goal for Wanderers in the 1877 final that he suffered the indignity of scoring the first significant own goal in football history, accidentally stepping backwards over his own goal line after fielding an innocuous long shot from an Oxford University forward. The goal was not formally credited to Kinnaird until early football records were re-examined a century later, and it has been speculated - without there being any evidence - that the player used his influence as a member of the FA council to have the embarrassing record expunged. In fact the confusion appears to have been caused by the haphazard match reporting typical of the earliest days of the Association game.
As son of an old Perthshire family, Kinnaird also played for Scotland, winning his solitary cap against England in the second ever international, played in 1873 at The Oval.
He was a proponent of "hacking", the then controversial skill of aiming kicks at an opponent's shins; he regarded the practice as essential to the "manliness" of the Association game. He was renowned as perhaps the toughest tackler of his day, involving himself in so much rough play that his wife once expressed the fear that he would "come home one day with a broken leg." Hearing her comment, a friend, who knew Kinnaird, is said to have responded: "You must not worry, madam. If he does, it will not be his own."
As an administrator, Kinnaird was an FA committeeman at the age of 22, in 1869. He became treasurer 8 years later and president 13 years after that, replacing Major Francis Marindin. He was to remain president for the next 33 years until his death in 1923, just months before the opening of Wembley Stadium.


Kenneth Fitzgerald Kinnaird (12th Lord) - 1880-1972

Capt Scottish Horseguards
Lord High Commr Church of Scotland 1936-7
Lord-Lieut of Perthshire 1942-60


Graham Charles Kinnaird (13th Lord) - 1912-1997

Lt 4/5th Battn Black Watch
Marriage to Nadia Fortington was dissolved in 1940